For a good number of years during the post-Cold War era, global power was essentially “unipolar,” referring to the United States of America, starts a report in Joseph Farah’s G2 Bulletin.

But recently a change has developed, in which both Russia and China are exercising more influence, making more unilateral decisions and suggesting, strongly, that they will have their own way in the world.

That means, according to a new report from the Congressional Research Service, that the U.S. must re-assess a long list of issues, especially defense spending.

“World events in recent years have led observers, particularly since late 2013, to conclude that the international security environment in recent years has undergone a shift from the post-Cold War era that began in the late 1980s and early 1990s … to a new and different situation that features, among other things, renewed great power competition with China and Russia and challenges by these two countries and others to elements of the U.S.-led international order…” the report says.

Among the list of issues that likely will need to be reconsidered now are U.S. and NATO military options, the hybrid warfare and “gray-zone tactics employed” by both Russia and China, options for “high-end warfare,” which would be the technologically sophisticated conflicts, and how does the U.S. maintain an edge in its conventional weapons.

Also on the table are nuclear weapons and nuclear deterrence, and the speed of new weapons development.

“The issue for Congress is how U.S. defense funding levels, strategy, plans, and programs should respond to the shift in the international security environment,” the congressional report said.

“Congress’s decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.”

The CRS quotes a National Defense Strategy document that gives foreboding news:

“Today, we are emerging from a period of strategic atrophy, aware that our competitive military advantage has been eroding. We are facing increased global disorder, characterized by decline in the long-standing rules-based international order – creating a security environment more complex and volatile than any we have experienced in recent memory. Inter-state strategic competition, not terrorism, is now the primary concern in U.S. national security.”

For the rest of this report, and more, please go to Joseph Farah’s G2 Bulletin.

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